Zenkutsu dachi (zen-koo-tsoo dah-chee) – front stance
Kokutsu dachi (koh-koo-tsoo dah-chee) – back stance
Kiba dachi (kee-bah dah-chee) – side stance (horseriding/straddle stance)
Hachiji dachi (hah-chee-jee dah-chee) – ready stance (yoi position)
Age uke (ah-geh oo-keh) – rising block
Gedan barai (geh-dahn bah-raee) – downward block
Soto uke (soh-toh oo-keh) – outside forearm block
Uchi uke (oo-chee oo-keh) – inside forearm block
Shuto uke (shoo-toh oo-keh) – knifehand block
Oi zuki (oy zoo-kee) – stepping punch
Gyaku zuki (gyah-koo zoo-kee) – reverse punch
Kizami zuki (kee-zah-mee zoo-kee) – jab
Sanbon zuki (sahn-bohn zoo-kee) – triple punch
Nukite (noo-kee-teh) – spearhand strike
Empi uchi (em-pee oo-chee) – elbow strike
Uraken (oo-rah-ken) – backfist strike
Tettsui (tet-soo-ee) – hammerfist strike
Mae geri (maee geh-ree) – front snap kick
Yoko keage (yoh-koh geh-ree keh-ah-geh) – side snap kick
Yoko kekomi (yoh-koh geh-ree keh-koh-mee) – side thrust kick
Kizami geri (kee-zah-mee geh-ree) – front leg snap kick
Mawashi geri (mah-wah-shee geh-ree) – roundhouse kick
Ushiro geri (oo-shee-roh geh-ree) – back thrust kick
Nidan geri (nee-dahn geh-ree) – double kick
Hiza geri (hee-zah geh-ree) – knee strike
Heisoku-dachi ( Feet together stance)
Feet together. This is usually a transitional stance, although it is used as the ready stance in some kata.
Musubi-dachi Knot stance)
Heels together, toes open at about 45 degrees. This stance is used to perform the formal respectful bow, rei .
From musubi-dachi, open heels until both outer edges of feet are parallel. Some styles don’t distinguish this stance from heiko-dachi.
Hachiji-dachi (natural stance, literally “stand like the character 八”)
The feet are at the shoulder width, toes open at about 45 degrees. Sometimes this stance is called soto-hachiji-dachi . This is the basic ready stance in Karate.
Uchihachiji-dachi (literally “stand like the upside-down character 八”)
The feet are at the shoulder width, toes facing inwards at 30-45 degrees, knees tense. This stance is used in some formal exercises, for example the tsundome. Also called Chun’be.
Heikō-dachi (parallel stance)
The feet are at the shoulder width, and their outer edges are parallel. This is a common transitional stance in many kata.